It was 1980 and Gary Numan's Cars were on top of the Music charts. In Britain, fast-moving cars and so-called "Yuppys" was a day-to-day and increasingly competitive and socially shared world before the infant's information age had acquired technological advances.
At the Geneva Motor Show in March of this year, a car was discovered that technically changed most of the road cars – the Audi Quattro
The four-wheel drive turbocharged road car, rally car and square-shaped coupe stole the show and demonstrated the Audi with the new Quattro in fact "Vorsprung Durch Technik" is a huge advancement through technology.
The original or the Ur Quattro, as it became known, unlike the following four models, with a small q, was not the first 4×4 This is the honor of Jensen FF
However, the innovative four-wheel drive system, udi developed for Quattro, has overcome all previous problems with additional driveshafts and extra weight. The Quattro team has created a practical solution that has been admired by today's motorbike world and has led the way for the development of all modern 4×4 road vehicles.
Audi's 1970s were not the biggest avant-garde of stoic German manufacturers but were young and enthusiastic research and development teams, and more importantly, since 1969, the financial support of the Volkswagen owner that Audi Quattro needed to be.
Quattro's seed started three years before the car started in 1977 when Jörg Bensinger's chassis engine and an Audi engineer team visited North Scandinavia to evaluate the performance of another Audi car, the first-wheel drive 100-Series salon.
While there, Bensinger had a great impact on the performance of the Volkswagen Iltis military vehicle, which was also tested in extreme conditions.
With its new four-wheel drive technology and superior handling, Iltis has easily walked through all the races in snow and ice.
He was impressed with Jörg Bensinger and when he returned to Ingolstadt's Audi factory, Walter Treser, with the help of a former rally driver and Audi's Advanced Development Manager, started the Quattro project in March 1978.
The Quattro design team started the world's first 5-cylinder engine with the highly successful turbocharged Audi 200 with a speed of 170 km / h and at the time developed simultaneously.
For the 2144 cc engine, the team provided an upper camshaft with two cylinder valves, which boosted engine performance to 200 inches at 5500 rpm.
This wave of Audi Quattro's top speed is 137 mph, and the car is capable of 0-60 mph in just 7 seconds.
However, as the storm led the world, it was not the power of the engine, but the imaginative design of the new four-wheel drive system. According to the Iltris concept, the construction reconfigured the transmission and avoided the cumbersome and heavy conventional transporter box and the drive shaft.
The Quattro team took the new engine and mounted it on the car instead of the usual crossover layout. This allowed the gear unit to be connected to the rear engine in a conventional rear-wheel drive. At Quattro, the gearbox was transferred to the gearbox in the normal way, to a small grapefruit-sized differential box immediately from the rear. From there a typical rear axle was delivered.
But the quadratic configuration was so special that the gearbox was also transmitted by the shaft of a hollow gearbox, it led the first wheel to a similar differential.
The Macpherson suspension, round disc brakes and low profile radial tires further enhanced the unique handling and sensational road maintenance.
When the World Cup changed the rules for four-wheeled cars, the Quattro's future was certain. In order to meet the homologation rules of the World Rally organizers, Audi had to produce at least 400 cars per year to be considered a production vehicle. The development project was moved forward and Audi 10 tried to build a new car every day or 2000 every year.
All in all, Audi produced the 11452 Quattros between 1996 and 1991. The rally made versions A1 and A2 versions, and between 1981 and 1983 several rally championships.
The latest versions of Audis, including the stunning RS series, still use the old Quattro technology!
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