The founder of the Lamborghini Group is Ferrucio Lamborghini. After a few years of work (the Lamborghini tractor was founded in 1948 and later expanded its activities to produce air conditioning and other devices), were able to trace the best available car and discovered their weaknesses. to try to build a better car. The first step in this demand was the establishment of the 1963 "Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini SAS" company. In the same year it purchased 90,000 m² of land, where a car factory (15,000 m²) was built. It should be noted that the factory construction / commissioning and adjustment of the factory was made exclusively from Ferrucio's pocket. ~ 500 million lire (~ $ 1,300,000) were invested altogether.
The prototype called P400 began with the initiative of talented engineers at Lamborghini Company in 1965. Initially, Lamborghini thought this car would be very expensive and the company could not achieve it. However, with the assumption that the P400 will be a good marketing trick, if not more, Lamborghini has blessed the birth of this model.
Miura prototype was first introduced at the 1965 Turin car salon. It was introduced as a chassis of cars without name. The mid-car wagon was a great novel at that time (only the middle-engine layout was used in racing cars) so no "dresses" were given under the show.
After the Turin Motor Show, Lamborghini Accelerated Automotive Design The Bertone Design Company was admitted to Miura's appearance and finalized within a few months.
The Lamborghini P400 debuted at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. Due to the exclusive design, the Lamborghini P400 unreasonably inspired the 36 Geneva Motor Show, the "400 horsepower", the "1 meter height" and the "300 km / h" appeal to the crowd.
The car was Miura. This word means the fighting bull used in Spain.
Lamborghini became the victim of his victory: orders came from all over the world. The car was developed at a high speed and the first customers got their cars in 1966. In fact, cars were sold as soon as they were not properly tested (the total prototype test did not exceed 15,000 km when the first Miuras sold). The development of the Miura model was continued in the versions P400S and P400SV.
Miura's Variants and Production Statistics
Miura was produced in 1966 and 1973. This model consisted of three series: P400 (Miura), P400S (Miura S) and P400SV (Miura SV). The Countach model replaced the Miura in 1974.
First Miuras (also known as the P400) features a 3.9-liter V12 engine with 350 hp (260 kW) performance. Although this car belonged to four Jaguar E-types (Miura's price was $ 20,000, which is about $ 114,000 today), 474 Miuras were built and sold in the first three production years. The Miuraans were captured by pop stars and businessmen.
A number of specialists noted the car's instability at high speeds (> 240 km / h). Although Miura later versions tried to solve this issue (better suspension, modern tires and lower front spoiler), this helped significantly the situation, but the problem never ceased completely.
The P400S (Miura S) was introduced at the 1968 Turin car salon. Compared to the predecessor, Miura S chrome-plated external windows, new inline console and electric windows. Improvement of the motor repair provided another 20 hp (15 kW).
Miura S was also available with optional air conditioning, which was another $ 800. In the owner's opinion, however, Miura's air conditioner was not efficient and useless.
The Miura S 140 pieces were built between December 1968 and May 1971. One of the best known Miura S owners was Frank Sinatra.
The last and most desirable Miura SV (P400SV). Compared to earlier versions, the P400SV had the following differences: the "eyelashes" around the headlamps ceased, the rear mudguards became wider, the new 9-inch wheels were positioned, the rear lights were renewed.
The main technical difference was the separate engine and transmission lubrication systems. This change made it possible to use the gear oils and the correct oil types of the engine. This also implies that metal parts from the gearbox can enter the engine and cause serious malfunctions. Thanks to the advanced atomizers, the car has a further 15 horsepower (11 kW) and 385 hp (283 kW). Although Miura SV has generally improved Miura's overall handling, it is slightly slower due to its larger weight (separate lubrication system, wider wheels, etc.).
148 SV models were built in total. The first unit 52 had a common engine and transmission lubrication system.
Miura SV / J
Lamborghini Company also released the limited Miura SV / J version. Improved engine, renewed suspension, a few different interior and design details. Only 5 Miuras SV / Js were produced altogether. One of these car owners was Nicolas Cage. In 1997 he bought Miura SV / J at the auction for $ 490,000. This price was the highest price auctioned model.
Miura SVJ Spider
Topless Miuras called Lamborghini Miura SVJ Spider also exists in the world. Since this is a conceptual model, with the exception of private modifications, only two "open" Miuras are made. One was presented at the Bertone station in Brussels in 1969 and another example was presented at the Geneva Motor Show at Lamborghini station in 1981. The serial production of Miura SVJ Spider has not been carried out.
Miura's Design and Interior
Miura's first drawings were made by Giorgetto Guigiaro when he worked at the Bertone Design Company. When he left Bertone, Marcello Gandini continued the planning work. Finally, the owner of the company, Nuccio Bertone, took over the pages before submitting the final design to Lamborghini. Thanks to the courtesy of these three men, all the details of Miura are unclean.
Many of the Miura's are called the most beautiful cars ever. Each question unreasonably includes this car in the ten most beautiful cars in the world.
The car was made with monocoque construction, where body parts were mounted on the general base. The door and main base are made of steel and made of aluminum alloy.
One of the novelty in the cabin was the head restraint. Located near the rear bulkhead and seemed to be an inseparable part of the seat.
The rear partition was made of double plexiglas, which protected passengers from the heat and noise of the engine. The exclusivity in the cabin is welcomed by the switches installed above.
– In the absence of time, the P400 model introduced at the 1966 Geneva Motor Show had no engine. Lamborghini's engineers did not put the engine in the car so the car in the Motor Show was not in it. To prevent this "absence" being uncovered, the hood is securely fixed;
– Miura is the first "superstar". This term was used by the automotive writer LJK Setright for the first time when he found Miura's exotic appearance, advanced design and incredible performance. Thanks to Miura's engine power, it was called a "superstar". This Lamborghini is the first mass-produced road car with mid-engine design.
– The tests showed that the Miura reached a speed of 272 km / h. As for this fact, in 1969 Miura called the world's fastest car in 1969 when Ferrara was introduced by the Daytona 365GTB / 4 models;
– The lack of good lead in the original design caused rusty problems that occurred in almost every Miuras, except those that have recently been restored;
– In the beginning, 30 Miura were designed, but the demand for the Geneva Auto Show dictated the other shapes. No more Miura were built due to the limited capacity of the Lamborghini factory;
– In April 1972, Ferruccio sold the shares of "Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini SAS", probably due to the fact that he achieved all his goals with Miura.
Undoubtedly, Miura is the car manufacturer, "Automobili Ferruccio Lamborghini SAS". Without Miura, the company probably did not survive. Low production data and motorcycle history have made outstanding achievements in the car as one of the most popular racing cars.
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