Solar car is an electric car that uses solar energy. This energy is called solar cells, the photovoltaic in the upper surface of the vehicle. These photovoltaic (PV) cells are connected to provide a 48V battery charge and convert the sunlight directly to the electric power to drive the vehicle. Solar cars are not included as a general car that is seen on a street every day, but primarily for racing, engineering or mere display, and projects are usually funded by the government.
The technology used by solar cars is the same as the satellites used in international space stations, and can be seen for bicycles and cars. The development of these special vehicles is very limited due to the power source that requires battery and solar power, so it is quite ineffective during the night. But most of the solar cars that have ever been built have been used for racing. Two of the most commonly used solar collector races are the World Solar Challenge and the North American Solar Challenge, whose competitors are mostly university members.
The most important part of the solar car is the electrical system. The electrical system controls all incoming and outgoing current. The battery of these cars is exactly the same as a normal car petrol tank for future storage. Batteries for solar batteries include lead-acid batteries, lithium ion batteries, nickel-metal hydride batteries, nickel-cadmium batteries, and lithium polymer batteries. Solar panels are designed to minimize stress and weight while maximizing power. Typically, these cars consist of titanium and composites to maintain deviations.
The unique design of a solar-powered car is extremely unusual, but not really suitable for road use. Building such a car is not as difficult as it may seem, because the materials needed for development are not extremely expensive. In fact, anyone can build their own solar cells when supplied with the right materials.
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