After overcharging petrol stations and monitoring global warming and greenhouse concerns among car owners, the automotive industry sought out hybrid cars to deal with these problems.
A hybrid car is a vehicle that uses two or more different power sources to run the engine. The most commonly used expression of such vehicles is the HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicles), which operates with an internal combustion engine and electric motors. In addition to electric motors, other sources of energy used in the hybrid car include hydrogen, compressed air, liquid nitrogen, wind, solar energy and even coal, wood and other solid fuels.
The first question is why not just an electric car is used to eliminate the risk of pollution and avoid high gasoline prices? Why do we need this hybridization? To run a car on a national highway, it must meet certain minimum requirements, that is, at least 300 miles in fuel filling, light refueling, and average speed close to other vehicles.
Although electric cars are almost non-polluting and do not require gasoline, charging is time-consuming, relatively slow, and requires up to 100 miles to reload. Gasoline engines, however, easily meet these requirements but are huge shareholders of fuel consumption and global warming.
Hybrid cars are a bridge and a compromise between the two engines, both using their positive properties and minimizing their negative impact. It will try to significantly increase mileage and reduce the emissions of gas-fired cars while overcoming the limits of the electric car.
The hybrid car has a petrol engine that is smaller than conventional cars, using advanced technologies to reduce emissions and increase efficiency, a fuel tank that is an energy-saving appliance of a petrol engine that is a sophisticated electric motor that functions as a motor (batteries energy to accelerate the car), and a generator (to slow down the vehicle and return battery power). However, HEVs include power transmission and batteries, which act as electric motors as storage devices.
The hybrid car engines can be set in parallel or in series. Parallel hybrid, both the motor and the electric motor simultaneously rotate the gearbox. Fuel tank supplies gasoline to the engine. At the same time, the elements feed the power of the electric motor. For a serial hybrid, the petrol engine does not provide direct energy to the vehicle. It rotates the generator and the generator can charge the batteries or energize the electric motor to carry.
The main aim of the invention of hybrid cars was to improve mileage and reduce toxic emissions, and these objectives are largely met by HEVs. Most countries standardized grams / miles are effectively met by these vehicles, and the investment is profitable, given the high gasoline level.
Source by visit sbobet thailand